The format Digital Video (DV) is a video standard of domestic, industrial and broadcast range. It is based on the DCT algorithm and protocol used as data transmission or IEEE 1394 Firewire. Usually written to tape a quarter inch (with three variants: Mini, M and L). It was created in 1996 as an international standard in accordance with IEC 61834 standard, which defines the codec and the tape type. It was developed as a digital video format for an industrial setting, but excellent value meant that it has become the dominant home video format such as Mini-DV, and encountered professionals, DVCAM and DVCPRO versions. One type DV50 format, Digital-S, based on this standard but recorded in half-inch tape. Its popularity has caused it to be commercial basis even for an inexpensive high-definition format, HDV, only share the tape type.
MPEG-1 is a standard for lossy compression of video and audio. It is designed to compress VHS-quality raw digital video and CD audio down to 1.5 Mbit/s (26:1 and 6:1 compression ratios respectively) without excessive quality loss, making video CDs, digital cable/satellite TV and digital audio broadcasting(DAB) possible. Today, MPEG-1 has become the most widely compatible lossy audio/video format in the world, and is used in a large number of products and technologies. Perhaps the best-known part of the MPEG-1 standard is the MP3 audio format it introduced.